How New Laws Are Made

Whether a senator develops an idea for a new law on his or her own, from a constituent’s request or from a state agency that is seeking legislation, the beginning point of every bill is a policy proposal. The policy proposal is then written into a draft bill. Drafting a bill is a complicated and time-consuming process that requires special legal training. Senators and their staff, as well as interest groups and State agencies, often have their own attorneys prepare bills.

When a draft bill is completed, it is sent to the House that first passed it and to the Governor for consideration. The Governor has 10 days to sign the bill into law or veto it. If the Governor signs the bill into law, it becomes effective immediately. If the Governor vetoes the bill, it can only be overridden by two-thirds of both houses of the Legislature.

Property law is the law that deals with ownership and possession of things, especially land and things attached to it, such as buildings, machinery and vehicles. It also deals with intellectual property, trusts and company law.

This bill would require City agencies to provide employees and job applicants with notices regarding student loan forgiveness programs. It also amends certain definitions and provisions of City data breach laws to make them more consistent with State law. Read the bill.